June 27, 2006
Bush Says Report on Bank Data Was Disgraceful
By SHERYL GAY STOLBERG
WASHINGTON, June 26 — President Bush on Monday condemned as "disgraceful"
the disclosure last week by The New York Times and other newspapers of a
secret program to investigate and track terrorists that relies on a vast
international database that includes Americans' banking transactions.
The remarks were the first in public by Mr. Bush on the issue, and they came
as the administration intensified its attacks on newspapers' handling of it.
In a speech in Nebraska on Monday, Vice President Dick Cheney repeatedly
criticized The Times by name, while Treasury Secretary John W. Snow
dismissed as "incorrect and offensive" the rationale offered by the
newspaper's executive editor for the decision to publish.
"Congress was briefed," Mr. Bush said. "And what we did was fully authorized
under the law. And the disclosure of this program is disgraceful. We're at
war with a bunch of people who want to hurt the United States of America,
and for people to leak that program, and for a newspaper to publish it, does
great harm to the United States of America."
The New York Times, followed by The Wall Street Journal and The Los Angeles
Times, began publishing accounts of the program on Thursday evening.
In his remarks during a brief photo session in the Roosevelt Room of the
White House, Mr. Bush appeared irritated, at times leaning forward for
emphasis, though he did not mention any newspaper by name.
Mr. Cheney, who had earlier said he was offended by news accounts of the
financial tracking program, on Monday went a step further, singling out The
Times for criticism in a separate appearance at a fundraising luncheon for a
Republican candidate for Congress, Adrian Smith, in Grand Island, Neb.
"Some in the press, in particular The New York Times, have made the job of
defending against further terrorist attacks more difficult by insisting on
publishing detailed information about vital national security programs," the
vice president said, adding that the program provides "valuable
intelligence" and has been "successful in helping break up terrorist plots."
The executive editor of The Times, Bill Keller, said in an e-mail statement
on Monday evening that the decision to publish had been "a hard call." But
Mr. Keller noted that since the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, the Bush
administration has "embarked on a number of broad, secret programs aimed at
combating terrorism, often without seeking new legal authority or submitting
to the usual oversight."
He added, "I think it would be arrogant for us to pre-empt the work of
Congress and the courts by deciding these programs are perfectly legal and
abuse-proof, based entirely on the word of the government."
Representative Peter King, Republican of New York and the chairman of the
House Homeland Security Committee, released a letter on Monday in which he
called on the attorney general to investigate whether The Times's decision
to publish the article violated the Espionage Act.
In a television interview on Sunday, Mr. King described the disclosure as
"absolutely disgraceful" and said he believed that the newspaper's action
had violated the statute.
In Nebraska on Monday, Mr. Cheney reminded his audience that The Times had
also disclosed the National Security Agency's secret program of monitoring
international communications of suspected terrorists without court warrants.
Mr. Cheney said it was "doubly disturbing" that The Times printed the
article and was awarded the Pulitzer Prize, journalism's highest honor, for
"I think that is a disgrace," he said.
Administration officials had argued strongly that in reporting on the
financial tracking operation, The Times would endanger national security by
prompting the Belgian banking consortium that maintains the financial data
to withdraw from the program. On Sunday, Mr. Keller, the paper's executive
editor, posted a letter on The New York Times Web site saying that the
newspaper "found this argument puzzling," partly because the banking
consortium is compelled by subpoena to comply.
Treasury officials did not seek individual court-approved warrants or
subpoenas to examine specific transactions, instead relying on broad
administrative subpoenas for millions of records from the cooperative, known
Mr. Keller said in the letter that the administration had made a "secondary
argument" that publication of the article would lead terrorists to change
tactics, but he said that argument had been made "in a halfhearted way."
Mr. Snow, the Treasury secretary, challenged that view in strong terms in a
letter to Mr. Keller, saying, "Nothing could be further from the truth." Mr.
Snow said that he and other high-level officials, including Democrats, had
made "repeated pleas" in an effort to dissuade The Times from publication.
The letter was made public by the Treasury in a news release on Monday
In explaining the newspaper's rationale for publication, Mr. Keller also
wrote that it was not the newspaper's job "to pass judgment on whether this
program is legal or effective" — an explanation that drew pointed criticism
from Tony Snow, the White House press secretary, during a televised briefing
Mr. Snow, who is not related to the Treasury secretary, said journalists
made such judgments all the time, and accused The Times of endangering lives
and departing from what he said was a longstanding tradition by news
organizations of keeping government secrets during wartime.
"Traditionally in this country in a time of war, members of the press have
acknowledged that the commander in chief, in the exercise of his powers,
sometimes has to do things secretly in order to protect the public," Mr.
Snow said. "This is a highly unusual departure."
Mr. Snow said there was no coordinated effort by the White House to ratchet
up pressure on journalists, or The Times in particular. But he said the
president seemed eager to have a chance to express his views about the
issue, and decided at the last minute to take reporters' questions at
Monday's photo session, after a meeting with supporters of the wars in
Afghanistan and Iraq.
"If you want to figure out what the terrorists are doing, you try to follow
their money," the president said. "And that's exactly what we're doing. And
the fact that a newspaper disclosed it makes it harder to win this war on
On Capitol Hill, the financial-tracking program itself has not generated
much criticism, even from Democrats, since its existence was disclosed. A
spokesman for Senator Harry Reid of Nevada, the Democratic leader, said Mr.
Reid was briefed on the program several weeks ago and had concluded that "it
does not appear to be based on the same shaky and discredited legal analysis
the vice president and his allies invoked to underpin the N.S.A. domestic
An exception has been Representative Edward J. Markey, Democrat of
Massachusetts, who has made privacy a signature issue and who said in an
interview Monday that the Bush administration was adopting a strategy of
"shoot the messenger" in trying to avoid Congressional oversight of the
financial tracking program.
"There are very serious constitutional and legal questions that have been
raised," Mr. Markey said, "and they're being obscured by this almost ad
hominem attack on The New York Times."
Administration officials have held classified briefings about the banking
program for some members of Congress and the Sept. 11 commission,
intelligence and law enforcement officials said, and more lawmakers were
briefed after the administration learned that The Times was making inquiries
for an article about the program.